Black cottonwood produces in a short time (?30 years) high yields of wood suitable for mechanical pulping. Weight Black cottonwood weighs about 46 lb/ft3 when green and 24/ft3 at 12 percent moisture content (MC). We recommend that you follow these guidelines for using live stakes and cuttings: Stand back and watch the sticks turn into trees! The high MC, however, does not cause an unnecessarily elongated schedule. 1993. It is limited by high soil acidity, inadequate aeration, and low nutrient supplies. HEILMAN, P.E., R.F. It typically maintains a dominant position in the canopy via superior growth rates. ROGERS, D.L., STETTLER, R.F., and P.E. We would be happy to make recommendations on material specifications to match the needs of your project. Cytospora canker (C. chrysosperma) is common in natural forests and may be a threat to regeneration from cuttings. Fascines are generally 4-8 inches thick and 6-12 feet long. Complete site preparation and continued control of competing vegetation is essential for good performance in plantations. Many kinds of wildlife use the foliage, twigs, and buds for food, and the tree is planted for shade and in windbreaks and shelter belts. Green 4/4 lumber can be dried in 8 to 12 days, and air-dried material can be dried in 4 to 8 days. There, it quickly sprouts from tiny seeds, cut stumps, roots, and even branch cuttings. Stems and branches may bend or break under heavy snow or ice. For all changed or cancelled orders, payment is due in full for any and all material already cut. Demand for black cottonwood lumber is occasionally good. Live stakes and cuttings may be used in a wide variety of habitats and applications: in wetlands, flood plains, marine bluffs, stream banks, lake shores, landslides, road slopes, and storm water detention ponds. Strip away all the leaves and throw the leaves away. In bending applications, almost 70 percent of the pieces failed. Heartwood MC averages 162 percent, sapwood MC averages 146 percent. Materials are priced by the foot, diameter, and species, so please provide complete specifications when placing your order or bid request. The wood is moderately susceptible to sap stains and very susceptible to molds. The rays are very fine and scarcely visible with a hand lens. Physical properties of black cottonwood and balsam poplar. Fungal decay is common in wood after weather damage to tops, producing good conditions for cavity-nesting birds. Fascines are bundles of brush material or stakes tied with twine that are planted across a slope in shallow trenches. Black cottonwood is susceptible to fire damage Elk and deer can devastate plantings with browsing and antler rubbing. Decay fungi are common; two species are noted for significant damage in British Columbia, Spongipellis delectans and Pholiota destruens. Common shrubs include red osier dogwood, vine maple, hazel, salmonberry, elderberry, thimbleberry, honeysuckle, spirea, and snowberry. 1990. 1 Black Madeira figcuttings from 4 year old mother tree. Brian smith 4,350 views. Cuttings root most readily if they are cut and planted in late fall through early spring, when dormant. Sixty percent of the total volume (456 MMCF) of black cottonwood is found in the Puget Sound subregion. nuisance. Suitability and Productivity of Sites There are no guides for estimating site productivity for black cottonwood in Oregon and Washington. The bark is grey and covered with lenticels, becoming thick and deeply fissured on old trees. Availability varies over time. Bending strength is classed as low, while in stiffness and toughness, black cottonwood is rated as intermediate. Average service life of untreated cottonwood posts in ground contact is 4 to 5 years. Characteristics Black cottonwood is a soft, light wood of uniform texture. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. 1963. Zone 0; Zone 1; Zone 2; Zone 3; Zone 4; Zone 5; Zone 6; Zone 7; Zone 8; Zone 9; A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Burns and B.H. in that time. III. Fungal diseases are a significant threat. CARKNER. “Black Madeira KK” is so named after getting known by Keith K who first sold it more widely on eBay. Temperatures range from a maximum of 60 to 117Â°F to a minimum of -53 to 32Â°F. Let the pressed oil rest for an hour or so. HSIANG, T., and G.A. It can grow to 150’ (50m) or more and can live 200-300 years. Its resistance to cupping and checking associated with outdoor exposure and weathering is very poor. Some upland sites with deep, moist, and fertile soils are also productive for black cottonwood. Interactions with Wildlife Because of its large size and relatively long life, black cottonwood is a superior wildlife tree in riparian areas. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:1863-1869. A better Surface roughness and torn grain result from planing and shaping; bore holes in cottonwood show considerable roughness and variation in size. Average shrinkage from green to ovendry is 3.6 percent radially and 8.6 percent tangentially. Seed may remain viable for up to 1 year when dried and stored at cold temperatures. The average specific gravity is 0.32 (green) or 0.37 (ovendry). Take cuttings from a Black Cottonwood tree. Long cuttings of up to 10 ft have been used successfully in some cases; problems with inadequate rooting and poor stem form are common with long cuttings, however. Adhesives Cottonwood bonds easily with adhesives of a wide range of properties and under a wide range of gluing conditions. Mechanized harvesting is quite suitable for typical plantations on agricultural lands (fiber farms).