He borrows nothing from others; indeed, all live by His permit and power. It is derived from כפר kâphar - whence the Latin cooperio; the Italian coprire, the French couvrir; the Norman coverer, and converer; and the English cover, and means literally to cover; to cover over; to overlay with anything, as pitch, as in Genesis 6:14. God would even sacrifice other nations to preserve Israel for Himself. 1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. 20). He never changes, but as he reveals deeper and deeper layers of the truth, his people experience aspects of God and his salvation in brand new ways and depths. for heathen men are not of so high value as to redeem the children of God. Three names heighten God"s unique relationship to Israel, and the Exodus and Sinai experiences had taught their meaning to the people. There has been much variety, as has already been intimated, in the interpretation of this, and in regard to the time and events referred to. 3.For I am Jehovah thy God. And Seba - This was the name of a people descended from Cush Genesis 10:7; and hence, the name of the country which they occupied. This may be used as a striking illustration of the atonement made for sin, when the Lord Jesus, the expiatory offering, was made to suffer in the stead - ἄλλαγμα allagma - of his people, and in order that sinners might live. God has put us poor sinners among His honourables. As a man would sacrifice any number of slaves to ransom a son, so was it in Jehovah’s dealings with His people. ii. Let us devoutly think of each of these names separately. For I am the Lord thy God — The Almighty by his prophet proceeds to assure his church of his particular affection towards her, by a remarkable proof of that affection; which is, that the evils and calamities threatening the destruction of the Jewish nation, had by his providence been averted from them, and turned upon the Egyptians, Ethiopians, and Sabeans. It means that he had made them honorable by the favors bestowed on them; not that they were honorable in reference to their own personal character and worth. Proverbs 11:8; Proverbs 21:18, and the next verse. That it was near to Ethiopia is apparent from the fact that it is mentioned in connection with it (compare Psalm 72:10; Isaiah 45:14: Herod. It seems to have been so from Isaiah 45:14." God Will Exalt The Nation “For I am the Lord thy God.” This is the grandest possible reason for not fearing. - Kimchi. [1 Samuel 23:27-28] The Canaanites were rooted out, to make room for the Israelites. If it be so, that the glorious God has really and of a truth loved us, His people, and valued us at a mighty price, then see how secure His people are! But Paul made it clear in 1 Corinthians 8:4-5 that the idols the nations worship are merely so-called gods, and that there is no other God but one. So the Syriac, ‹I gave Egypt in thy place.‘ The true interpretation, therefore, is, that Egypt was regarded as having been given up to desolation and destruction instead of the Israelites. He observes that although Cyrus did not conquer them, yet that it was done by his successors. 10. A third view is that these nations represent the heathen nations in general, whom God did not favor when He redeemed Israel. ; Jos. ), and by Noyes, in the future, 'I will give.' A village or hamlet, as beans a cover or shelter to the inhabitants (1 Samuel 6:18; compare the word כפר kâphâr in 1 Chronicles 27:25; Nehemiah 6:2; Genesis 6:14. In this sense he calls himself The Holy One of Israel, because while the whole human race is by nature estranged from him, he hath chosen his people that he might set them apart to be his own. He observes that although Cyrus did not conquer them, yet that it was done by his successors. Since “the Holy One of Israel” is our Saviour, we are confident that He will save us from all sin. Israel is the servant spoken of in Isaiah who will not break a bruised reed. The Holy One of Israel - It was one of his characteristics that he was the God of Israel. created). Ant. In Isaiah 43:3 God promised that Egypt and Cush would be their ransom and in verse 14 He repeats the promise. iii. When we see irreligious men, amidst the uproar and confusion of mutual wars, pause in their efforts to destroy us, while it is manifest that they do not pause of their own accord, let us lift up our eyes to heaven, and learn that God, in order to spare us, miraculously substitutes others in our room; for we were “like sheep appointed for slaughter,” (Psalms 44:22;) swords were drawn on every hand, if he had not snatched them from the hands of wicked men, or given them a different direction. To carry out this purpose, men, having fallen, must be redeemed by blood. Hence we ought to draw a general doctrine, that the Lord takes such care of all believers (1 Peter 5:7) that he values them more highly than the whole world. If God has determined to glorify Himself by us and in us, let us be in accord with Him. The word rendered ‹ransom‘ here is כפר kôpher It is derived from כפר kâphar - whence the Latin cooperio; the Italian coprire, the French couvrir; the Norman coverer, and converer; and the English cover, and means literally to cover; to cover over; to overlay with anything, as pitch, as in Genesis 6:14. 14. Therefore will I give men for thee - As in the case of Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba Isaiah 43:3. Note the three titles. In regard to this country, see the note at Isaiah 18:1. Quasi victimam piacularem a Sennacheribo mactandam loco Iudcea, in exchange for thee; so the Septuagint render it. ! iii. Lowth says, ‹perhaps it may mean, generally, that God had often saved his people at the expense of other nations, whom he had as it were in their stead given up to destruction.‘ The exact historical facts in the case cannot be clearly made out; nor is this to be wondered at, that many things of this nature should remain obscure for want of the light of history, which in regard to those times is extremely deficient. I gave Egypt for thy ransom; he sacrificed the Egyptians instead of the Israelites; he destroyed the firstborn of Egypt, and saved Israel his firstborn; he drowned the Egyptians in the Red sea, when the Israelites passed safely through it; and the destruction of the former was to make way for the salvation of the latter, and so said to be a ransom for them; see Proverbs 11:8. But Paul made it clear in 1 Corinthians 8:4-5 that the idols the nations worship are merely so-called gods, and that there is no other God but one. (C. H. Salvation is not the work of one Person of the Trinity, but the work of the whole personality of God. It has, by many, been supposed to refer to the invasion by Sennacherib, who, when he was about to fall upon Jerusalem, turned his arms against the Egyptians and their allies, by which means Jerusalem was saved by devoting those nations to desolation. (When you are over your head in worrie's,God is with you. Isaiah 42:3: “A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench. Egypt was also the most powerful of empires in the olden times. Nothing is more manifest than that the prophet refers to that great and wonderful fact - the commonplace illustration of the sacred writers - that the Egyptians were destroyed in order to effect the deliverance of the Jews, and were thus given as a ransom for them. Isaiah is speaking this as a warning to the inhabitants of the earth. In another larger sense, God sacrificed His Son as a ransom in the place of many whom He had called (cf. Thy Saviour - This was another characteristic. Egypt contained the wisest and most civilised people of early times. ii. But first a little history lesson. Israel is first exhorted not to fear (43:1-7) because God formed them and called them in the past; and because they are precious to Him they will be regathered from the whole earth. However, this is incorrect. Isaiah 43:3, ESV: "For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior.I give Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in exchange for you." The argument is, that if he had suffered Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba to be desolated and ruined instead of them, or in order to effect their deliverance, they had nothing to fear from Babylon or any other hostile nation, but that he would effect their deliverance even at the expense of the overthrow of the most mighty kingdoms. Its very ruins are the wonder of the ages. The word rendered 'ransom' here is כפר kôpher. Egypt was in the known world the oldest nation. This was done when Tirhakah, king of Egypt and Ethiopia, was beaten by Sennacherib, who was then making towards Jerusalem, which he had already devoured in his hopes. The exact historical facts in the case cannot be clearly made out; nor is this to be wondered at, that many things of this nature should remain obscure for want of the light of history, which in regard to those times is extremely deficient. Nubia (Cush), and Ethiopia. God’s intent was to produce a race that should be honourable in His sight, and well-beloved of His soul. God will give all that He has to save His beloved ones. in isaiah 43;3 it says "for i am the lord your god, the holy one of israel, your savior, i gave egypt for your atonement, ethiopia [hebrew: “cush”] and seba underneath you." 2. Certainly, he does not mean Satan is a true god, a rival god to the Lord GOD. II. 2. and share the same fate. And if God's giving up the Egyptians to destruction - themselves so guilty and deserving of death - in order to save his people, was a proof of his love for them, how much greater is the demonstration of his love when he gives his own holy Son to the bitter pains of death on a cross, in order that his church may be redeemed! Answer: When Isaiah wrote his prediction of the coming of the “Wonderful Counselor” (Isaiah 9:6), he was spurring Israel to remember their Messiah was indeed coming to establish His Kingdom (Isaiah 9:7). And he that is left in Zion — Those that escape the common destruction brought on their countrymen; see Isaiah 4:2; shall be called holy — Shall be really such. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Ethiopia - Hebrew, 'Cush.' (d) I turned Sennacherib's power against these countries, and made them suffer the affliction which you would have done, and so were as the payment of our ransom, Isa 37:9. and share the same fate. He was the God of Israel; and as it was presumed that a god would protect his own people, so he bound himself to deliver them. .—Speaking after the manner of men, the prophet paints Jehovah as surrendering Egypt and other kingdoms to the arms of Cyrus, as if they were a price paid to him for liberating the Jews of Babylon. “I AM THAT I AM” was His name to Moses. Seba - The Sabaeans were confederate with the Ethiopians. So the Syriac, 'I gave Egypt in thy place.' According to Josephus (Ant. Called thee— By the name of God's people, which was as proper and peculiar to them, as the name of Israel. See Poole "Isaiah 20:1", &c. Ethiopia and Seba; the Sabeans, who were confederate with the Ethiopians or Cushites. Nebuchadnezzar had subdued Egypt, Ethiopia (Hebrew, Cush), and Saba (descended from Cush, Genesis 10:7, probably Meroe of Ethiopia, a great island formed by the Astaboras and the Nile, conquered by Cambyses, successor of Cyrus). 4 Since you are precious and honored in my sight, and because I love you, I will give people in exchange for you, nations in exchange for your life. So the Chaldee, 'I gave the Egyptians as a commutation for thee' (חליפך chălı̂ypâk). The noun (כפר kôpher) means: 1. See note on Isaiah 1:4, and Psalms 71:22. kopher. He is as complete without His creatures as with them. (Study Questions included) Isaiah 66:18-22 Declare His Glory Among the Nations. App-4). (J. Isaiah 4:3. ISAIAH 9:2-3. But the sense is probably more general, including all the instances in which Yahweh sacrificed mighty pagan nations when the safety of Israel required it. I gave Egypt for thy ransom - This is a very important passage in regard to the meaning of the word ‹ransom.‘ The word נתתי nâthattı̂y - ‹I gave‘ is rendered by Gesenius (Commentary in loc. Its records show an extraordinary progress in literature, architecture, and the arts and sciences. 1. The noun (כפר kôpher ) means: 1. 26 Review the past for me, let us argue the matter together; state the case for your innocence. Cambyses conquered Egypt, and destroyed many of its cities, and never since has there been a native prince sitting upon the throne of Pharaoh. God the Savior. Seeker supposes that it refers to the fact that Cyrus overcame those nations, and that they were given him for releasing the Jews. This design would be costly, even to Jehovah Himself. Isaiah 43:3. (3) I gave Egypt for thy ransom . Isaiah 43:3 states For I Yahweh your God, the Holy One of Israel, and your Savior, give Egypt as a ransom for you. Ethiopia (Heb., Cûsh) may be taken of either the Asiatic or African people that bore that name—Seba as Meroe, between the Blue and White Nile, the modern Dâr Sennâr. There is something in every name of God which may breed faith in our souls. Question: "What does it mean that Jesus is our Wonderful Counselor (Isaiah 9:6)?" Cyrus received these from God with the rest of the Babylonian dominions, in consideration of his being about to deliver Israel. iii. “But now” — hear the jarring declaration of reversal (43:1). [Note: Young, 3:143.] He also sets forth His name at large, for the comfort of His people. Isaiah 34:1 "Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it." Perhaps the Lord meant that He would give Persia rulership over Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba-as rewards for allowing the Israelites to return to their homeland. ransom = atonement price. Christianity claims this servant is Jesus. 43:3 I gave Egypt - This was fulfilled when the king of Assyria, Esar - haddon, who designed to revenge his father's disgrace, upon the Jews, was diverted and directed by God to employ his forces against Egypt, and Ethiopia, and Seba. Thus the Ethiopians, Egyptians, and Sabeans were delivered into the hands of the Assyrians as a ransom for Israel. Thus the Lord did of old on the behalf of His literal Israel, and what does this fact say to us? The prophet alludes to what is foretold in the 20th chapter. But even then men could not be saved unless the Holy Ghost should condescend to come and live in their bodies. In particular, he refers to the fact that Cambyses invaded and subdued Egypt (Herod. God is a Savior when He forgives our sins and saves us from physical harm. If everything were at peace with us, and if we had no troubles, we should not see this grace of God; for when a thousand deaths appear to hang over us, and when there appears no way of escape, and when he suddenly drives back the tyrants, or turns them in another direction, we then know by experience what the Prophet says, and perceive his invaluable kindness toward us. In regard to Egypt, however, I think the case is clear. The cypressflower, the alhenna of the Arabs, so called because the powder of the leaves was used to cover over or besmear the nails in order to produce the reddish color which Oriental femmes regarded as an ornament (Simonis; Exodus 29:36; Exodus 30:10, Exodus 30:16. In the days of King Asa, the Ethiopians came up against Judah to the number of a million of men; but “they were destroyed before the Lord, and before His host”: thus was Ethiopia given for Israel. 2), it seems to have been Meroe, a province of Ethiopia, distinguished for its wealth and commerce, surrounded by the two arms or branches of the Nile. They took their place, and were destroyed instead of the Hebrews, in order that they might be delivered from the bondage under which they groaned. As we know God, he is a Triune Being—Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; and Scripture traces the whole work of salvation to God thus apprehended. Gesenius supposes that it refers to the fact that the countries specified would be made desolate, in order to effect the deliverance of the Jews. Isaiah 43:3. Isaiah was writing nearly 800 years before Christ. I gave Egypt for thy ransom. See Isaiah 20:1-6; and Isaiah 37:9. In what sense does he call “Egypt and Ethiopia the price of the redemption” of the Church? 3. I. Satan can be called the god of this age because so many people regard him as god! iii. - Secker. Ethiopia. Isaiah 43:3 For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt [for] thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. 10. [Note: Motyer, pp331-32.] Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. "I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour." A ransom; a price of redemption, or an expiation; so called because by it sins were covered over, concealed, or removed Exodus 29:36; Exodus 30:10, Exodus 30:16. Hebrew. They obtained their liberty to return home, after 40 years, Ezechiel xxix. ), “I give Egypt as thy ransom.” The meaning appears to be that Cyrus will be compensated for the emancipation of Israel by the conquest of these African nations which did not belong to the Babylonian Empire. It is God’s grandest, highest purpose to gather together in one the whole company of His redeemed in Christ Jesus their Lord and to make them like their Head. Ethiopia is still a modern day country and is located in the continent of Africa. Although, therefore, we are of no value, yet let us rejoice in this, that the Lord sets so high a value upon us, and prefers us to the whole world, rescues us from dangers, and thus preserves us in the midst of death. 3 For I am the Lord your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior; I give Egypt for your ransom, Cush [] and Seba in your stead. To proclaim the good news in this passage, the preacher must understand and convey the desolation that precedes it: God “gave up Jacob” (42:24). Ethiopia and Seba for thee; this refers either to the rumour brought to Sennacherib of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia coming against him to war, which diverted him from the siege of Jerusalem for a time, and caused him to turn his forces upon the Ethiopians and Sabeans, whereby the Jews had a respite, 2 Kings 19:9 or rather to the overthrow of the Ethiopians in the time of Asa, 2 Chronicles 14:9 or to the king of Assyria, perhaps Shalmaneser's being diverted from Palestine and Judea, and turning his forces upon Egypt and Ethiopia, as in Isaiah 20:1 and the Lord, by putting his people in mind of these instances, suggests hereby that he will sacrifice all their enemies, rather than they shall be destroyed, and therefore they need not fear. 11. [Proverbs 11:8] Saul and his people were afflicted by the Philistines, that David might escape. Egypt for thy ransom — Either Egypt or Israel must perish; God chose that Egypt, though so much more mighty, should be destroyed, in order that His people might be delivered; thus Egypt stood, instead of Israel, as a kind of “ransom.” The Hebrew, {(kopher}, means properly “that with which anything is overlaid,” as the pitch with which the ark was overlaid; hence that which covers over sins, an atonement. As a matter of fact, the conquest of Egypt was effected by Cambyses, the son and successor of Cyrus, although it is said to have been contemplated by Cyrus himself (Herod. Vitringa explains it of Shalmaneser's design upon the kingdom of Judah, after he had destroyed that of Samaria, from which he was diverted by carrying the war against the Egyptians, Cusheans, and Sabeans. In regard to Egypt, however, I think the case is clear. ), and by Noyes, in the future, ‹I will give.‘ Gesenius supposes that it refers to the fact that the countries specified would be made desolate, in order to effect the deliverance of the Jews. God referred to Himself as a Savior in the Old Testament before Jesus arrived and became our Savior to forgive our sins. No; the Lord brought out Israel, and turned His artillery upon Egypt. The unique Savior described in 43:3 is God, not "not a god formed" (i.e. THE LORD’S DECLARATION OF HIS OWN NAME. Satan can be called the god of this age because so many people regard him as god! Other nations worshipped other gods. [Note: J. Martin, p1097.] I wouldn't have the struggles that I do. For God is giving a reason why his people might expect protection, and the reason here is, that he had been their deliverer, and that his purpose to protect them was so fixed and determined, that he had even brought ruin on nations more mighty and numerous than themselves, in order to effect their deliverance. He had saved them in days of peril; and he had assumed toward them the relation of a Saviour; and he would maintain that character. iii. They would naturally ally themselves to the Ethiopians. The word נתתי nâthattı̂y - 'I gave' is rendered by Gesenius (Commentary in loc. 2). One of them must perish; and God chose that Egypt, though so much more mighty and powerful, should be reduced to desolation in order to deliver his people. He saved me. "For I am the Lord your God, The Holy One of Israel, your Savior; I have given Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in your place. Isaiah 43:3-4. Because thou hast been precious in my sight, thou hast been honoured, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. "Did not Cyrus overcome these nations? When God smote the Egyptians, both first-born and others, in Egypt, and drowned Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea, for the safety and benefit of his people; or. There still remain the ruins of a metropolis of the same name, not far from the town of Shandy (Keppel‘s Travels in Nubia and Arabia, 1829). What a New Testament combination this is--“The Holy One, thy Saviour”! Isaiah 43:2 “When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and when you pass through the rivers, they will not sweep over you. So the Turks and Persians are at deadly feud, to the great safeguard of Christendom; and the Popish party are as a bulwark between those Mohammedans and the Protestants. xlv. 10. 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